Launched at COP21*, the Global Geothermal Alliance (GGA) serves as a platform for dialogue, cooperation and coordinated action between the geothermal industry, policy makers and stakeholders worldwide.
As stated in the Joint Communiqué on the Global Geothermal Alliance, the GGA is a coalition for action to increase the use of geothermal energy, both in power generation and direct use of heat. It calls on governments, business and other stakeholders to support the deployment of realizable geothermal potential. The Alliance has an aspirational goal to achieve a five-fold growth in the installed capacity for geothermal power generation and more than two-fold growth in geothermal heating by 2030.
What the GGA is designed to do?
* The 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Paris, France, in December 2015
Argentina, Bolivia, Burundi, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Malaysia, Mexico, Nicaragua, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Switzerland, Solomon Islands, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Tonga, Turkey, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe
African Development Bank, African Union Commission, AGH University of Science and Technology (Poland), Andean Geothermal Center of Excellence (Chile), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Association GeoEnergy Celle e.V. (Germany), Canadian Geothermal Energy Association, Caribbean Electric Utility Services Corporation (CARILEC), Centro Mexicano de Innovación en Energía Geotérmica (CeMIEGeo), Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA), Eastern African Power Pool, Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar (Croatia), European Geothermal Energy Council, Geothermal Canada, GEODEEP - Geothermal Cluster for Heat and Power (France), Geothermal Resources Council (USA), Geothermal Power Plants Investors Association (Turkey), Iceland GeoSurvey, Iceland Geothermal Cluster Initiative, Inter-American Development Bank, International Geothermal Association, International Renewable Energy Agency, Islamic Development Bank, Macedonian Geothermal Association, National Energy Authority (Iceland), New Partnership for Africa’s Development, Nordic Development Fund, Organization of American States, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, Serbian Geological Society, Southern Africa Power Pool, Pacific Community, United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations University - UNU GTP,United States Energy Association (USA), World Bank.
The GGA is an inclusive and neutral multi-stakeholder platform that brings together public, private, intergovernmental and non-governmental actors that share a common vision of accelerating the deployment of geothermal energy for power generation and other applications.
Member countries include geothermal resource-rich countries with established or emerging geothermal markets, along with other countries that wish to support the activities of the Alliance.
Requests by interested countries and institutions should be sent to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the coordinator and facilitator of the GGA, by way of an official written request addressed to IRENA’s Director-General.
Member countries and partner institutions are not required to contribute any membership fee. The costs associated with GGA activities, including coordination meetings, shall be borne by participants.
The GGA Action Plan was endorsed by Members and Partners in May 2016, based on the principles stipulated in the GGA Joint Communique. It is set to coordinate closely with existing structures, programmes and facilities that share the common objective of promoting geothermal energy deployment at the international, regional and national levels. The Alliance will operate based on activities linked to the priority action areas identified in the GGA Action Plan, and will be supported in implementation as well as funding by committed Members and Partners.
Resource and Market Assessment
Mapping of geothermal resources as well as identification of existing and potential geothermal markets and near terms projects in the pipeline.
Needs and Obstacles Assessment
Scoping of the needs for assistance in removing obstacles of policy, regulatory, funding or capacity building nature.
Supporting the development of effective enabling frameworks and associated mechanisms to achieve national objectives for geothermal energy deployment.
Global Geothermal Network
Establishing and improving a robust global network of geothermal energy experts building upon existing networks; promoting geothermal energy’s role in supporting decarbonisation strategies and the implementation of climate plans (NDCs).
The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is a free online resource-assessment tool inclusive of maps on geothermal energy as well as solar, wind, marine and bioenergy resources. It facilitates a first screening of areas of geothermal investment opportunity
The BBA Geothermal Transparency Guide is an online tool which provides an insight into the legal frameworks governing exploration and development of geothermal energy, as well as an overview of data on energy production and capacity. Currently, 16 countries endowed with geothermal resources are featured in the database, with further countries to be included.
The Sustainable Energy Marketplace is a virtual platform that gathers project developers, financiers, service and technology suppliers to work together to realize projects related to geothermal and other renewable energy sources. The Marketplace provides a visibility to geothermal projects and facilitate investment opportunities
The International Geothermal Company and Expert Pool is a matchmaking platform to enable networking and recruitment opportunities for entities in need of consultants - and consultants/ company representatives looking for opportunities to become involved in geothermal projects.
IRENA Project Navigator is an online platform providing comprehensive, easily accessible, and practical information, tools and guidance to assist in the development of bankable renewable energy projects. In particular, the Project Navigator features a component dedicated to the geothermal power.
The Renewables Readiness Assessment (RRA) is a comprehensive tool for assessing the conditions existing in a country for the development and deployment of renewables, including geothermal energy, along with the actions required to improve those conditions. RRAs for the GGA Members: Djibouti, Fiji, Nicaragua, Peru, Phillipines, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Zambia
The Geothermal Training Programme of the United Nations University (UNU-GTP) is a postgraduate training programme, aiming to assist developing countries in capacity building within geothermal exploration and development.
The basic programme consists of a six-month annual training for practicing professionals from developing and transitional countries with significant geothermal potential. Priority is given to countries where geothermal development is under way, to maximise technology transfer. The sessions cover highly specialised studies in eight different lines, in geothermal geology, geophysical exploration, reservoir engineering and borehole geophysics, chemistry of thermal fluids, environmental science, geothermal utilization, drilling technology, and project management and finances.
The programme has operated in Iceland since 1979. It is a cooperation between the United Nations University and the Government of Iceland and is hosted by the Orkustofnun (National Energy Authority of Iceland).
The hallmark of UNU-GTP is to give university graduates engaged in geothermal work intensive on-the-job training in their chosen fields of specialization. The trainees work side by side with geothermal professionals in Iceland. The aim is to assist developing countries with significant geothermal potential in building up groups of specialists that cover most aspects of geothermal exploration and development. Thereby, enabling their capacity to develop and utilise their geothermal resources.
UNU-GTP also offers successful candidates the possibility of extending their studies to MSc, or PhD degrees in geothermal sciences or engineering in cooperation with the University of Iceland and Reykjavik University. Furthermore, annual short course series in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals are given in East Africa (held in Kenya) and Latin America and the Caribbean (held in El Salvador).
Further information available at: www.unugtp.is
With its extensive geothermal history, CEL-LaGeo employs many experts working in the geothermal field. The vast technical, scientific and managerial capacities have been shared through various courses and workshops to young professionals from El Salvador, Latin America and the Caribbean in the framework of the Geothermal Training Programme of the United Nations University (UNU-GTP).
The 5-month Geothermal Diploma, with its seven editions, has contributed to make El Salvador a reference country as a centre of excellence for geothermal energy in the region. CEL-LaGeo and UNU-GTP signed a cooperation agreement to jointly implement a study programme carried out by Salvadoran and Icelandic experts during its latest two versions in 2016 and 2017. To date, a total of 689 professionals from Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Montserrat, Nevis, Nicaragua, Peru, San Vincent and El Salvador have taken part in the geothermal short courses and the Geothermal Diploma imparted in El Salvador.
Further information available at: www.lageo.com.sv
The first high-level conference of the Global Geothermal Alliance took place on 11 September 2017 in Florence, Italy. The meeting was attended by 230 high-level public, intergovernmental, non-governmental and senior private sector representatives. Under the terms of the ‘Florence Declaration’ – an outcome of the meeting – governments reaffirmed the commitment to work together to identify and implement measures that will significantly increase the speed of geothermal energy development around the world.
Agenda, presentations, and pictures of the conference are available here
05 – 07 February 2019 | Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
IRENA, the International Geothermal Association (IGA) and the World Bank co-organised a technical session with the Geological Survey of Ethiopia (under the Ministry of Mines) and UN Environment. The group trained local stakeholders on the UNFC specifications to geothermal energy and gathered information for the application in pilot fields in Ethiopia. The event was organised in the framework of a project currently undertaken by IRENA, IGA and the World Bank’s ESMAP, under the umbrella of the Global Geothermal Alliance.
12 January 2019 | Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Side event of the Global Geothermal Alliance was held in the framework of the Ninth Session of the IRENA Assembly.
This meeting, took place on 12 January from 13:15 to 14:15, and provided the opportunity to share insights and experience on geothermal power and heat as well as to facilitate networking between GGA members and partners as well as other key stakeholders.
05 – 07 December 2018 | Saint Lucia
The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Commission (OECS) together with International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), the International Geothermal Association (IGA) and the World Bank organised the Geothermal Energy Roundtable and United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC) Training Course for Geothermal Energy on 5th -7th December 2018, in Saint Lucia.
The event brought together key experts and decision-makers from the region to help advance and initiate regional cooperation for geothermal energy. The dialogue was followed by a training workshop that introduced the UNFC classification as part of a project currently undertaken by IRENA, IGA and the World Bank’s ESMAP, under the umbrella of the Global Geothermal Alliance. Programme and summary report are available on the OECS’s website here.
24 April 2018 | Reykjavík, Iceland
Two events of the Global Geothermal Alliance (GGA) took place in framework of the Iceland Geothermal Conference.
The first event on “Geothermal Direct Utilisation and Food Security” offered participants the chance to identify the key factors behind successful experience and presented partnership opportunities for projects and programmes related to the direct uses of geothermal energy with focus on food and agriculture.
The second GGA event, “Regional Cluster workshop: Strategies for future collaboration”, aimed to strengthen collaboration between regional and national industry platforms. The purpose of this event was to identify strategies which can be jointly developed or supported by industry clusters to promote geothermal development globally.
20 – 23 March 2018 | Flores Island, Indonesia
The International Geothermal Association, IRENA, and the World Bank/ESMAP organised a technical session to collect data and train Indonesian government officials and project developers on the application of the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources 2009 (UNFC-2009) to geothermal prospects on the island of Flores. The session kick-started a joint project undertaken in the framework of the Global Geothermal Alliance.
31 January – 02 February 2018 | Nairobi, Kenya
The workshop, organised with the support of the Government of Japan, gathered participants from governments, utilities, public and private companies as well as international, regional, and local financial institutions. The event allowed to assess the geothermal market status in East Africa, identify the main options to overcome the barriers that countries and project developers still face in the region, share best practices and innovative models to finance operations, including geothermal risk mitigation mechanisms, and explore how technical assistance can effectively support the scaling up of geothermal energy in the region.
Key findings available here.
22 November 2017 | Online
IRENA organized a webinar on 22 November 2017 on the development of bankable geothermal power projects. Experts in the field discussed best practices to assist project developers in developing bankable geothermal power projects. View the webinar
16 November 2017 | Bonn, Germany
Organised within the framework of the UNFCCC COP23 in Bonn, this High-Level Roundtable on will gather high-level representatives to examine how geothermal energy can play a role in the achievement of decarbonisation goals and in the implementation of nationally determined contributions. The event will also offer an opportunity to discuss how the GGA can further contribute to facilitating the exchange of experiences and best practices, mobilising finance to unlock geothermal investments and providing modern and sustainable energy services for all countries.
07 November 2017 | Frankfurt, Germany
ICG Invest Geothermal addresses today’s burning issues in geothermal investment in creating and fostering an investment and financing ecosystem to provide a line of informed public and private equity to fuel growth. Organised by ThinkGeoEnergy and Enerchange in partnership with GGA partners EGEC and World Bank, the event will be focusing on important elements of investing in geothermal energy development, such as risk mitigation, early stage financing, market incentives, blended financing options, multi-player projects and exit strategies.
21 – 22 August 2017 | San Salvador, El Salvador
During two days, 21-22 August 2017, representatives from the governments of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama as well as geothermal experts from the region and beyond exchanged views on the state of play and the key areas of support required to accelerate the deployment of geothermal energy in Central America. The second day of the workshop included the presentation of best practices from around the world and a visit to the Ahuachapán Geothermal Field and Power Plant.
23 – 26 October 2016 | Sacramento, USA
The event brought together geothermal leaders, developers, and exhibitors to exchange expertise and discuss geothermal developments in USA and abroad. It also featured an opportunity to familiarize the US stakeholders with the activities of GGA.
19 – 23 September 2016 | Strasbourg, France
Organised every 3 years, the European Geothermal Congress is the largest geothermal event in Europe. It also offered a platform to organize the GGA Meeting on Risk Mitigation and Project Financing
18 January 2016 | Abu Dhabi, UAE
The first gathering after the official launch of the initiative, aimed at collecting views on the priority areas of action for the Alliance.
08 December 2015 | Paris, France
The Global Geothermal Alliance has been launched at the COP 21 by a coalition of countries as well as development and industry partners.
15 – 16 June 2015 | Nairobi, Kenya
The event served as a platform to discuss the concept of the Global Geothermal Alliance initiative.
The report identifies the main risks and barriers limiting investment; it also supplies a toolkit for policy makers, public and private investors, and public finance institutions to scale up their investments in renewable energy.
This technical report provides an overview of the current knowledge on GHG emissions from geothermal power plants. It gives guidance to project developers and financial institutions on to how to estimate emissions, ex ante, from geothermal power projects.
This publication aims to increase awareness, share experiences and lessons, and provide recommendations for expanding geothermal heat use in the agri-food sector. The analysis in this document suggests critical factors for the development of projects in the field.
This report presents a comparative assessment of an array of approaches that have been applied around the world, with varying degrees of success, to mitigate resource risks and catalyze investments in developing the geothermal sector.
This study presents strategy for developing geothermal potential through public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the Eastern Caribbean.
Note:Publications prepared by the GGA Members and Partners